Workshop: Selecting Farm Land and Location: Own, Loan, or Lease: The Waterpenny Example presented by Sue Ellen Johnson, Cliff Miller from Mount Vernon Farm, and Rachel Bynum from Waterpenny Farm
Perhaps I'm getting older, but I didn't realize until I walked into the room and chose my seat for this session that I'd met Cliff Miller and Rachel Bynum and visited their farms! The hubs and I took a trip and attended the Rappahannok Farm Tour a few years back and these two farms were on the tour. It was a great surprise and truly enhanced my experience in this session as these two farmers discussed the long term lease (40 years!) between Mount Vernon Farm and Waterpenny Farm.
- Farmland must support your objectives!
- Longterm goals to consider: livelihood, lifestyle, and legacy
When considering land for farming, be honest with yourselves and take a long hard look at...
- Land: How much? For a median income, you'll need 700 acres for a hay farm, 500 acres for a cattle farm, 30 acres for orchards, between 1 and 20 acres for nursery crops, 5 acres for a vegetable farm, 3 acres for a flower farm, 1 acre for a hydroponic greenhouse, and only 1/2 acre if you just want a subsistence garden and chickens or a subsistence garden and 1 cow. In our region of Virginia, potted plants and cut flowers currently return the highest profits.
- Land: Kind/Quality? Be sure to check soil type/composition, topography, current fertility, current plant cover (what's it going to take to clear the land?), soil moisture/water table/drainage.
- Water: existence, locations on farm, functioning system of wells, capacity (for irrigation, for livestock, for washing), potability (can you wash your market veggies with it?), ponds/creeks/river/floodplain. Water issues can be limiting.
- You've found a farm! Now: walk the farm many times, talk to locals about farm's history, feel/smell the soil, evaluate current production potential, look at the functionality/maintenance/looks of farm's structures, carefully consider the septic system (particularly for agrotourism which means lots of guest to your farm needing to use the facilities!), consider the location and the distance/time to market, check local zoning, is there room to grow?
Organic Food Festival Potluck Lunch - an amazing array of organic foods brought by the attendees! I brought homemade oatmeal bread with honey apple butter and strawberry honey jam. Lots of delicious choices here!
Between to-doings, I made mad dashes to the Silent Auction, vendors in the Exhibition Hall, seed swap, and the ladies room!
Plenary Presentation: Ray Archuleta, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Greensboro, NC, "Healthy Soils for Healthy Profits". Mr. Archuleta is loud, proud, and on a mission to get our soils biologically healthy! A showman and a scientist, this guy was very entertaining AND informative with interactive soil demonstrations, a slide show, and huge helpings of inspiration!
Workshop: 43560 Project presented by Clif Slade, Vegetable Specialist and 43560 Project Manager
- "One acre of soil can do it" - 43560 = number of square feet in a single acre; this project set out to prove that if you could grow 1 head, 1 pound, or 1 bunch per square foot, selling at $1 - $1.25 per square foot, the gross income would be $43,560.
- This was an "all in/all out" plan - plant in Spring, raise to harvest, done; plant buckwheat and clover for the rest of the summer; begin again in September for a second harvest to sell.
- If you have a soil pH of 6.5, you're ready to consider this method; a low pH will have lots of weed problems and plants won't do well.
- Marketing is key!!! Utilize on farm sales, growing for CSA owners, selling your produce as a complementary items to PYO farms, restaurants, value-added items (painted, "adoptable" pumpkin babies); be a dependable supplier of whatever you produce.
- Fertilization: One 5-gallon bucket of pelletized poultry manure per 500 square feet; ten 5-gallon buckets of compost per square feet (sifted by hand), weekly applications of vermicompost tea.
- Corn, tomatoes, cantelope, and watermelon cannot profit $1.25 per square foot in an "all in/all out" plan.
More visits to the vendors, and then the catered dinner. Having spent the entire first day with Gunther Hauk and beginning to feel weary, we reluctantly decided to skip his plenary presentation.
With cramped note-taking hand and overfull brain, I made my way to the Jeep with Lanette and headed to the hotel for a lovely soak in the hot whirlpool. One more wonderful day to go!